Some say Millennials are really two generations – younger Millennials had different experiences growing up.
And P.J. O’Rourke claims Baby Boomers are made up of four classes.
I know what he means. My father was born in 1946. His youngest brother was born in 1964. Both are Baby Boomers, but they’re not from the same generation.
In today’s fast moving world, people born sixteen to eighteen years apart grew up in different cultural contexts.
Maybe it’s better to talk about cultural cohorts rather than generations. The world of your tween years to early 20s has a far bigger impact on your worldview than any other time in your life.
You’re likely to share a similar cultural context with someone born three or four years before and after you. That’s a six to eight year span. Anymore than that and your cultural context drifts farther apart.
Pop culture makes an early impact. And while politics comes later, pop culture recedes as you get older.
But there’s a big overlap. I didn’t list specific years in the chart below because you might have been ahead or behind the times.
The first column lists when different cohorts were born, when they came of age and formed their worldviews, and the important political and pop culture events of that time. I’m sure I’ve missed many things, but you get the picture.
|Born Early/Mid 1920s
Came of Age Before 1945
|Great Depression & World War II, Glenn Miller Band, big band|
|Born Late 1920s to Mid 1930s
Came of Age Mid 1940s to Early 1950s
|Early Cold War, nuclear fears, 1950s conformity, TV introduced, Frank Sinatra, I Love Lucy|
|Born Late 1930s to Mid 1940s
Came of Age Mid 1950s to Early 1960s
|Beginning of the Civil Rights movement, early rock n roll, Elvis|
|Born Late 1940s to Mid 1950s
Came of Age Mid 1960s to Early 1970s
|Countercultural revolution, Civil Rights, Vietnam, second wave feminism, early gay rights movement, the Beatles, acid rock, hard rock, The Mary Tyler Moore Show|
|Born Late 1950s to Mid 1960s
Came of Age Mid 1970s to Early 1980s
|Post-Nixon malaise, stagflation, disco, All in the Family|
|Born Late 1960s to Early 1970s
Came of Age Mid to Late 1980s
|Reagan Revolution, culture wars 1.0, AIDS crisis, MTV & HBO, Madonna, Cold War ends|
|Born Mid 1970s to Early 1980s
Came of Age Early to Mid 1990s
|Neoliberalism, third wave feminism, Internet 1.0, grunge rock & hip hop, Seinfeld|
|Born Mid to Late 1980s
Came of Age Late 1990s to Early 2000s
|Tech bubble bursts, 9-11 & fighting 2 wars, Internet 2.0, American Idol & reality TV|
|Born Early to Mid 1990s
Came of Age Mid 2000s to Early 20-Teens
|Continued war, first smartphones, Great Recession, first black president, social media, gay marriage gains ground, Lady Gaga & Katy Perry, Internet TV|
|Born Late 1990s to Early 2000s
Will come of Age Mid 20-Teens to Early 2020s
|TBA: The Donald Trump vs Hillary Clinton presidential race will set the stage|
What does this tell us about Americans today?
Look at how the world has changed for people born in the early to mid 20th century! Not just technologically, but culturally as well. Who in 1945 would have believed that gay marriage would be a nationwide thing by 2015?
Older Baby Boomers came of age just before the countercultural revolution. Some of them stuck with the old ways. But younger Baby Boomers were more likely to embrace this shift.
Older members of Generation X developed their political consciousness in the late ’80s after the Reagan Revolution had taken hold. But younger GenXers were more informed by Bill Clinton’s neoliberalism.
Older Millennials distinctly remember 9-11 and graduated from college just as the Great Recession hit. Younger Millennials barely remember 9-11 but do remember how scared adults were. In their experience, the US has always been at war and the economy has always been terrible. That creates a sense of unease and uncertainty.
And what about people born in the first decade of the 21st century?
They’re just starting to come of age. Their first political memories are of a loud and opinionated man who wants to be president, and who promises to bring back the past. (They must be thinking, “What was the past like?”)
His opponent looks like grandma. But adults say they don’t trust her even though she doesn’t say mean things like the other guy does. And most adults seem really mad about the whole thing.
How will their worldview develop and mature? I don’t know. The outcome of the 2016 presidential election will have a lot to do with it.